Plastics production


Plastics Europe has published an update of the 2015's "Plastics the facts", statistical analysis on the European plastics, with figures for the year 2014, with a detailed information on plastics production: from raw material up to recycling.


In Europe, 1.45 million people are working in the chain of plastics processing , in 62 thousand enterprises, mostly small and medium size.

World production of plastics has reached 311 million tons, up by 4% growth vs. 2013. The EU production is estimated at 59 million tons, slightly higher than the previous year (58 million), but still below the peak 65 million tons reached in 2007, before the big financial and industrial crisis that jeopardized the economy of the old continent.
On a global scale, China continues ranking first, but Europe is following at the second place with a fifth of the global production of plastics. Two thirds of plastics demand in Europe is concentrated in five countries: Germany, Italy, France, Uk and Spain


Packaging remains the largest consumer of plastics, followed by construction and - remote - automotive, electrical / electronics  and agriculture. Everything else (appliances, furniture, sports, medical, leisure, etc.) amounts to just over one-fifth of total consumption

in 2014,  25.8 million tons of post-consumer plastic waste ended up in the waste upstream: 29.7% was recycled,  39.5% was converted into energy, while 30.8% corresponding to 8 million tons, ended up in landfill, the worst of the available options..


Since 2006 recycling and energy recovery have increased. However still a big amount of plastic waste  ends up in landfill. Zero plastics to landfill makes economic and environmental sense


Towards zero landfill: Romania is still among the nations where the landfill is the first option for disposal. It is far away from reaching the virtuous levels of Switzerland, Germany, Austria and Benelux, which confer landfill less than 10%. Romania, as well as many other Eastern countries,  has still to do a lot, considering that  more than 50% of plastic waste is not being recovered yet.

In comparing the possibilities of recycling, plastics packaging have the highest recycling rate; higher than energy recovery and Romania, according to Plastics Europe, ranks twenty one, in recycling plastic packaging before Spain and Great Britain.


Plastics waste is a key resource in the move towards circular economy, where recycling remains the preferred option for plastics waste: Recycled plastics are used to  manufacture a wide variety of new products thanks to the several lives of plastics.

Romanian companies, though recycling, from production or from post-consumer, could  improve their production efficiency, optimize resources and cost, while reducing the environmental impact.



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